Gardening Blog

Terrarium Plants: How to Choose Them and How to Care for Them

by Saru Kaushish on May 27, 2023

easy maintenance indoor plants

Terrariums have become increasingly popular as unique and captivating indoor gardens. These miniature ecosystems bring the beauty of nature into our living spaces, creating a sense of tranquility and enchantment.

Terrariums are enclosed glass or plastic containers that serve as microcosms of natural habitats. They allow us to create a self-sustaining ecosystem on a small scale, providing the perfect environment for easy maintenance indoor plants. The transparent walls of the terrariums offer a window into the natural world, providing a captivating display that can be enjoyed indoors.

Understanding Open and Closed Terrariums

There are two main types of terrariums: open and closed. As the name suggests, open terrariums have openings allowing air circulation. They are suitable for easy maintenance indoor plants that prefer drier conditions and moderate humidity. On the other hand, closed terrariums are fully sealed, creating a self-contained environment with higher humidity levels. Closed terrariums are ideal for plants that thrive in moist and humid conditions.

When it comes to selecting plants for terrariums, it is important to consider the specific requirements of each type. Open terrariums accommodate plants that prefer good airflow and moderate moisture levels. Examples include succulents, cacti, and air plants. These plants are adapted to arid environments and can withstand drier conditions.

On the other hand, closed terrariums are well-suited for plants that thrive in higher humidity levels and prefer a more controlled and moist environment. Ferns, mosses, and tropical plants are excellent choices for closed terrariums due to their preference for humid conditions. These plants enjoy the enclosed space that retains moisture within the terrarium, creating a mini greenhouse effect.

easy maintenance indoor plants

Choosing the Right Plants for Your Terrarium

Several factors should be taken into consideration when selecting the best terrarium plants. Let's delve into each of these aspects to help you make informed choices.

Lighting Requirements

Understanding the lighting needs of your terrarium plants is crucial for their overall well-being. Some plants thrive in bright, indirect light, while others prefer lower light conditions. Consider the location of your terrarium in your home and the available natural light. If your terrarium is situated in a well-lit area with ample sunlight, you can opt for plants that require higher light levels. On the other hand, if your terrarium is placed in a spot with limited natural light, look for the best terrarium plants that can tolerate lower light conditions or consider using artificial lighting to supplement their needs.

Plant Size and Growth Habit

The size and growth habits of plants play a significant role in the aesthetics and functionality of your terrarium. Choose plants that will fit comfortably within the confines of your container and allow adequate space for growth. Consider the ultimate size the plants will reach and ensure they won't overcrowd the terrarium over time. Additionally, consider the plant's growth habits, such as spreading, trailing, or upright, for better terrarium care and create a visually pleasing arrangement.

Foliage Color and Texture

One of the joys of terrarium gardening is the opportunity to showcase a diverse range of foliage, colors, and textures. Select plants with varying leaf shapes, sizes, and colors to add visual interest and create a captivating display. Combining plants with different foliage textures, such as smooth, glossy, or feathery, can enhance the overall aesthetics of your terrarium. Experiment with a mix of greens, variegated foliage, and even plants with vibrant flowers, if desired, to create a stunning and dynamic composition.

Low-Maintenance Plant Varieties for Beginners

For those new to terrarium gardening or individuals with busy lifestyles, prioritizing terrarium care is essential. Opting for low-maintenance plant varieties simplifies the routine and increases the chances of success. Look for plants that are adaptable, resilient, and tolerant of varying conditions. Succulents, such as Haworthia or Echeveria, are popular choices due to their ability to store water and withstand drier terrarium environments. Other low-maintenance options include air plants (Tillandsia), mosses, and certain fern species. These plants require minimal watering and are generally more forgiving when it comes to occasional neglect.

Essential Care Tips for Terrarium Plants

Proper watering techniques are vital for the health of your terrarium plants. Overwatering can lead to root rot, while underwatering can cause dehydration. Find the right balance by monitoring the moisture levels and adjusting the watering accordingly. Maintaining the right humidity levels is also crucial, especially for closed terrariums. Mist the interior of the container or use a humidity gauge to ensure the environment remains suitable for your plants. Regular pruning and grooming will help control growth and prevent overcrowding, allowing each plant to thrive. Guidelines should be followed for adequate usage of Fertilizers in order to provide essential nutrients for healthy growth.

Decorating and Designing Your Terrarium

Take your terrarium to the next level by exploring different styles and themes. Whether you prefer a minimalist look or a lush tropical paradise, let your creativity guide you. Experiment with plant arrangements, incorporating stones, moss, and other decorative elements. Consider the interplay of textures, colors, and heights to achieve a visually pleasing and harmonious terrarium design.

Seasonal Care for Terrarium Plants

Terrarium care varies with the seasons. Adjust your routines to accommodate temperature, light intensity, and humidity changes. During colder months, protect your terrarium from cold drafts and temperature fluctuations by providing insulation and maintaining appropriate heat levels.


Terrariums are a wonderful way to bring the beauty of nature into your living space, creating a sense of tranquility and enchantment. Whether you opt for an open terrarium with succulents or a closed terrarium with ferns and mosses, these miniature ecosystems provide the perfect environment for plants to thrive.

If you're ready to start your own terrarium project or need high-quality glass containers to bring your vision to life, look no further than Gold Dust Gardening. We offer a wide selection of terrarium glass containers that are functional, stylish, and durable. Our range of options lets you find the perfect container to complement your terrarium design.

Visit Gold Dust Gardening to explore our collection of terrarium glass containers and take your indoor gardening to the next level. Enhance your living space with these captivating creations and enjoy the beauty of nature in the comfort of your home. Discover the joy of creating and caring for easy maintenance indoor plants in your stunning terrarium.